Integrated Sanitation Approach

Responding to local challenges, the Integrated Sanitation Approach establishes comprehensive integrated management of urban waters

A Comprehensive Strategy for Improved Sanitation

As a comprehensive strategy for improving sanitation at the local level, the Integrated Sanitation Approach addresses cross-cutting issues of human health, the environment, suitable technologies, enabling policies/regulations, social acceptability and economic viability. It encompasses the following key concerns:

  • Septage/faecal sludge management
  • Wastewater management
  • Hygiene
  • Technologies and infrastructure required to collect, transport and treat waste generated by human activities
  • Social marketing and social mobilisation
  • Cost recovery and financial mechanisms
  • Governance and policies
  • Institutions and institutional arrangements

Polycentric, Particular, Interconnected

BORDA’s commitment to the Integrated Sanitation Approach answers the call for polycentric and balanced territorial development policies and plans. Taking into account the particularities of local conditions, the approach selects specific instruments, methods, and modules that will be applied in system solutions.

The Integrated Sanitation Approach is based on the interconnections between:

  • comprehensive planning processes addressing the technical, socio-economic and budgetary dimensions of the effective management of urban waters;
  • technical aspects of wastewater, solid waste and faecal sludge management;
  • the need for strong community involvement, cross-sectoral cooperation between departments of public administration, and co-management between stakeholders from the public and private sectors;
  • economic dimensions of effective system management for sustainable operation and maintenance; and
  • the need for comprehensive capacity building on local and national levels.

Progressive Implementation

The Integrated Sanitation Approach follows the principle of progressive implementation, as called for in the New Urban Agenda. This principle:

  • promotes a realistic and pragmatic approach to the management of urban waters,
  • affirms the state’s duty to take deliberate and targeted steps towards meeting the human rights to water and sanitation, and
  • recognises that full realisation is a long-term process that is often constrained by economic, political, and technical limitations.
In the Integrated Sanitation Approach, realities on the ground are both starting points and ongoing references in the development of locally suitable sanitation system improvements

Components of the Integrated Sanitation Approach

Modules Applications / Instruments / Methods
Decentralised Wastewater Treatment Solutions (DEWATS) community based sanitation, school based sanitation, small and medium enterprises, hospitals, markets, hotspots
planning, design, implementation, construction
septic tank household, grease traps, planning, design implementation, construction
Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) assessment (technical options, design, finance, legal, O&M, etc.)
planning, design implementation, construction, O&M
septic tank overflow polishing pond, innovative technology
Decentralised Solid Waste Management (DESWAM) planning, design, implementation, construction, VER (Voluntary Emission Reduction) / climate component, other add-ons
regulations, policies O&M model, co-management, co-governance, input from lessons learnt
Operations and Maintenance (O&M) manuals, guidelines, posters, trainings, facilitation (support)
Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) data collection and management, analysis, evaluation, recommendations
in-house management water consumption reduction, wastewater streams separation, behaviour change, O&M monitoring
cross-sectoral urban planning inter-sectoral planning processes for the management of urban waters, water safety plans, sanitation mapping
reuse irrigation, fertiliser, biogas

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